International Development Lecture Series (Spring 2016)

Description

The seminar series commemorates 30th Anniversary of ADB-PRC partnership, and is a part of the International Postgraduate Program of Asia-Pacific Finance and Development Institute. This semester-long seminar series will address important topics concerning international development, drawing on ADB’s experience with developing member countries in Asia, primarily in the PRC.  The PRC’s extraordinary progress over the past thirty years and ADB’s evolving partnership with the PRC offers important experiences and lessons for other developing countries. The seminar series will emphasize challenges, approaches, and case studies based on development projects, featuring guest lecturers from the management team of the East Asia Department, Asian Development Bank (ADB).  Topics include: 
 
  • Role of Multilateral Development Banks (MDB) in a Developing Country’s Growth Process
  • Transport: Connecting People, Places, and Markets in the PRC
  • Leveraging Knowledge and Innovation in ADB's Energy Sector Work in the PRC 
  • Small and Medium Enterprise
  • Water Crisis in Asia-Pacific and the Role of ADB
  • Holding MDBs Accountable: from Inspection Function to Accountability Mechanism
  • Green Urban Development
  • Urban River and Wetland Rehabilitation and Pollution Control
 
At the end of the course students are expected to have gained familiarity with: (i) the institutional arrangement concerning international development and cooperation; (ii) the approaches and processes that development assistance is delivered by multi-lateral development banks; (iii) current thinking and best practices in key sectors that ADB is engaged in, especially current and future cooperation priorities with the government of the People’s Republic of China.  The course also provides a forum for interaction with ADB senior development practitioners. 
1. Role of Multilateral Development Bank (MDB)s in a Developing Country’s Growth Process
(5 April, Tuesday, 14:00-16:00)
Ayumi Konishi, Director General, East Asia Department (EARD), ADB
 
ADB has been a development partner with the PRC for the last 30 years, helping the country to achieve the largest reduction of poverty in the world and the rapid transformation to the upper middle income status. This opening lecture will discuss how ADB assistance’s to the PRC has evolved over the years, and the recent change in emphasis now that the PRC is an upper middle income country. In particular, the lecture will review the role PRC is expecting ADB to play and how ADB is planning to respond to these expectations.
 
*Reference: 
 
 
2. Transport: Connecting People, Places, and Markets in the PRC
(27 April, Wednesday, 13:30-15:30) 
Robert Guild, Director, Transport and Communications Division, EARD
 
The People’s Republic of China has experienced major growth and expansion in the past 30 years. Transport investments have been among the main drivers of this growth, including ADB support of over US$20 billion (in constant 2016 prices) to the sector since 1989. This session will introduce the economic and social rationale for investment in transport infrastructure; survey the development of ADB's support over the past 30 years; and present case studies of projects in the road, rail, and water transport subsectors. The session will include an interactive discussion of future priorities for ADB support, including urban transport, regional cooperation and integration, and climate change.
 
*References:
 
*References-optional-recommend reading only 10-page main report and 5-page  
economic analysis:
 
 
3. Holding MDBs Accountable: from Inspection Function to Accountability Mechanism
(26 May, Thursday, 9:30-11:30)
Hamid Sharif, Country Director, PRC Resident Mission, EARD
 
The lecture will provide an overview of evolution of the accountability of MDBs with particular focus on ADB. It will discuss the underlying rationale, principles and procedures.
 
4. Leveraging Knowledge and Innovation in ADB's Energy Sector work in the PRC
(6 May, Friday, 13:30-15:30)
Ashok Bhargava, Director, Energy Division, EARD
 
The lecture will elaborate on how ADB- PRC partnership in energy sector has evolved over the past 3 decades from accelerated capacity addition to bridge the demand supply gap in early days to forward looking low-carbon energy sector transformation with larger role of energy efficiency and renewable energy. There will be examples of projects and knowledge work that have helped reforms, demonstrate new technologies and introduce market-based mechanisms.
 
 
5. Small and Medium Enterprise
(16 May, Monday, 9:30-11:30) 
Ying Qian, Director, Public Management, Financial Sector, & Regional Coop Division, EARD
 
The lecture and discussion will cover a broad spectrum of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) development issues, ranging from definition of SMEs, whether “finance” really the key problem for SME development, impediments to SME development, and how government and public sector can help through business development services and facilitating easy entry/exit after recognizing that not all SMEs survive and grow. A large portion of the lecture will still be on SMEs' access to finance, and will examine issues related to challenges in access to finance, alternative sources, and new financing techniques. Lastly the lecture will present some case studies and discuss with students latest development on changing the global SME scene.
 
*References: 
 
 
6. Water Crisis in Asia-Pacific and the Role of ADB
(20 May, Friday, 13:30-15:30)
Qingfeng Zhang, Director, Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
 
The lecture will present the first quantitative and comprehensive view of water security in the countries of Asia and the Pacific. The lecture will also discuss the role of ADB in addressing Asia’s water security, and examine the issues and challenges ahead in meeting water demand in Asia. The lecture will share the speaker's thoughts on knowledge solutions for addressing water crisis in Asia.
 
*Reference:
 
 
7. Green Urban Development
(6 June, Monday,  13:30-15:30)
Amy Leung, Deputy Director General, EARD
 
As the world calls for more sustainable living and several countries begin to prioritize greener development, ADB responds with green solutions to achieve more livable cities. The lecture will discuss what it means for a city to be green and livable; how ADB helps countries make their green city visions a reality, including a step-by-step discussion on how to develop a Green City Action Plan; and how partnerships are a powerful tool in achieving green city goals.
 
 
8. Urban River and Wetland Rehabilitation and Pollution Control
(23 June Thursday, 13:30-15:30)
Sangay Penjor, Director, Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
 
The presentation is on the key issues, challenges, private sector involvement, institutional reforms, and lessons learnt on, two completed ADB projects including the Songhua River Pollution Control and the Nanjing River Environmental Improvement Projects; and on water conservation including water demand management, and wastewater recycling for two ongoing projects (these projects to be selected).
 
9. Group Presentations and Wrap-up
(20 June Monday 13:30-15:30)
Ayumi Konishi, Director General, East Asia Department (EARD), ADB